OBJECTIVE: Obstructive sleep apnea is the most common type of sleep apnea. This was designed to establish the relationship between smoking and obstructive sleep apnea. Methods:This cross-sectional study was conducted at the outpatient department of Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences, Islamabad, Pakistan, from August 2018 to November 2018 (dates mentioned in methods are different) and comprised of males aged 30-50 years. Participants were divided into two groups of smokers and non-smokers and Berlin questionnaire was used to collect data employing systemic random sampling. SPSS 22 was used for analysis. Results:There were 768 male participants in the study equally split between smokers and non-smokers. Mean age was 39±5.76 years. Percentage of high-risk group among smokers was 36.5% and among non-smokers was 16.7%. Percentage of low risk group among smokers was 63.5% and among non-smokers was 83.3%. The odds ratio of obstructive sleep apnea was 2.87 times more in smokers than non-smokers. Conclusion:Long term smoking had a strong association with obstructive sleep apnea.
Hassan, Muhammad; Ansari, Saad Ali; Salman, Farzana; Kamal Khan, Raafay; Shahzad, Waleed; Rehman, Ehsan-ur-; Hassaan, Omer; Ahmed, Aftab; and Badshah, Mazhar
"Obstructive sleep apnea in middle age male smokers,"
Pakistan Journal of Neurological Sciences (PJNS): Vol. 15:
2, Article 2.
Available at: https://ecommons.aku.edu/pjns/vol15/iss2/2