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An estimated 10 million cases of Tuberculosis (TB) and 1.6 million deaths due to this disease occurred worldwide in 2017 (1). About 1.7 billion people, 23% of the world’s population are estimated to have latent TB infection and are thus at risk of developing active TB disease during their life time. TB is mostly common in developing countries and Pakistan ranks 5th among 30 high-burden countries and 5th for Drug Resistant TB (DRTB). The incidence of TB in Pakistan is 267 per 100,000 (1) with an estimated 525,000 cases in 2017 including 57,000 cases among those who were less than 15 years of age.

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