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Dementia is a term used universally by clinicians and researchers for cognitive impairment that affects a person’s ability to function ((1). This is the term used by the American Academy of Neurology (AAN) in their nosology. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders V (DSM V) has replaced the term with Major Neurocognitive Disorder (2). The term HIV- associated dementia (HAD) was also replaced by HIV- associated neurocognitive disorder (HAND) by the AAN AIDS Task force

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