Pakistan is a developing country facing variety of challenges including maternal malnutrition and neonatal mortality. Globally Pakistan has the third highest neonatal mortality rate(1). Maternal malnutrition contributes to low birth weight neonates and birth anomalies. A study conducted in tertiary care hospital of Karachi catering to lower socioeconomic background showed 10.9% of birth defects to be of central nervous system. Maternal factor related to neural tube defects in same study showed 81.3 % mothers had not taken folic acid during pregnancy(
Khan, Atiq Ahmed and K.M., Ruth
"Prevention of neural tube defects By folic acid in pregnancy.,"
Pakistan Journal of Neurological Sciences (PJNS): Vol. 13:
3, Article 1.
Available at: https://ecommons.aku.edu/pjns/vol13/iss3/1