Document Type

Original Article


Spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is associated with a high in-hospital mortality and morbidity. One radiological parameter which was found significant in predicting mortality was the presence of hydrocephalus on CT brain (plain). The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of hydrocephalus in patients with spontaneous ICH and to determine the in-hospital outcome in patients of spontaneous ICH with hydrocephalus.MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a descriptive case series carried out in Department of Neurology, Pakistan institute of Medical Sciences, Islamabad from December 30, 2013 to June 29, 2014. All patients who meet the inclusion criteria were selected for the study. Plain CT brain was done at the time of admission. Radiological parameters recorded included the presence of hydrocephalus on CT brain. Every patient was then being observed for outcome within 7 days. RESULTS: A total of 96 patients were included in the study. The mean age of patients was 45.1 years with standard deviation of 15.641 years. Out of 96 patients, 52 (54.17%) patients were male and 44 (45.83%) patients were female. 51 (53.12%) patients of intra-cerebral hemorrhage had hydrocephalus. Out of 51 patients of intra-cerebral hemorrhage with hydrocephalus, 33 (64.7%) patients had survived while 18 (35.3%) patients had died.CONCLUSION: In our study, significant number of patients of intracerebral hemorrhage had hydrocephalus and it is associated with high mortality and morbidity

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