Document Type

Original Article


To determine the frequency of modifiable risk factors of stroke. Study Design: Descriptive Case series. Place and duration of study: Ayub Teaching Hospital, Abbottabad from March to December 2012. Methodology: 106 cases of cerebrovascular accident (CVA) above 20 years of age and of either sex admitted in medical units of Ayub Teaching Hospital, Abbottabad were included in this study. The patients below 20 years of age, those with recurrent history of CVA, patients not fulfilling the required criteria of risk factors set in operational definitions and patients having intracranial space occupying lesion such as tumors or brain abscess or neurological deficit secondary to head injury were not included in the study. The subjects were taken by non-probability sampling. Results: There were 106 patients in this study. Of these 62(58.5%) were male and 44(41.5%) were females. Mean age of the patients was 62.3 years. 66 (62.3%) patients had hypertension, 29 (27.3%) had Diabetes mellitus, 10 (9.4%) were smokers, 8 (7.5%) had dyslipidemia, 3 (2.83%) had atrial fibrillation, 4 (3.77%) were obese and 2 (1.88%) had carotid bruit. Conclusions: This study showed that hypertension was the commonest modifiable risk factor of CVA followed by diabetes mellitus, smoking, dyslipidemia, obesity, atrial fibrillation, and carotid bruit. CVA was more common in males as compared to female and mostly occurred in middle and old age patients

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