Document Type



Institute for Educational Development, Karachi


This paper proposes the value of building social relations through critical conversation in schools in developing countries and particularly in Pakistan. The current climate in most of the schools in these countries reflects “apathy” and “ignorance”. It is argued that schools posses a capacity for wisdom if they develop a habit of engaging themselves into critical discourse. Schools can be personified as human beings to speak and open their minds and hearts in front of their stakeholders and share their successes and challenges to form a real sense of school community. The paper also shares an example of one of the professional teacher association networking in Pakistan which engenders the culture of critical conversation in teachers, head teachers and school managers through their monthly interventions supported by one of the international private universities in Pakistan. The findings of these self directed initiatives are very encouraging. It is proposed that similar initiatives may lead schools to sustainable developments.

Publication (Name of Journal)

Journal of Research and Reflections in Education