Document Type

Policy Brief


Professional Development Centre, Karachi


Pakistan is a country with a fast growing population of nearly 190 million people divided into a large number of ethnic, cultural, linguistic, political and religious groups. The basic ideology behind the creation of Pakistan was Islam and it was considered to be the unique force which could bind together the religiously, ethnically, linguistically, and culturally diverse society.

An overwhelming majority of Pakistan’s population is Muslim with Sunni and Shia as the two major schools of thoughts but there are many other smaller sects within Muslim and non-Muslim population. Ethnically, Pakistani society is divided into major groups such as Punjabis, Sindhis, Pukhtuns, Balochis, Saraikis, Kashmiris, Hazaad, Shina and Baltis, and Chitralis etc. with numerous smaller ethnic groups.