Document Type



Institute for Educational Development, Karachi


Community schools are an alternative form of education that center on partnerships between the community and/or the state, aid organizations, and non-governmental organizations. The Community School Program (CSP) in Egypt sparked a social movement in education in that country, with disparate actors all coalescing around the CSP as an alternative, empowering model of education. This study examined the relationship between the CSP and the dynamics that formed, shaped and co-opted it through in-depth interviews and observations. Our analysis examined the program’s processes and legacies on its former students. The study found that critical factors in the program’s success were its cost for the students, physical proximity, and quality teaching. After completing the program, these students faced significant challenges in mainstream secondary education. The CSP model is now converging with mainstream education. The interplay of national and global discourses shaped the CSP’s formation and continue to shape students’ social and academic learning through the evolution of its program.


This work was published before the author (Sarfaroz Niyozov) joined Aga Khan University.

This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Comparative and International Education Society of Canada (CIESC) in Comparative and International Education (formerly known as Canadian and International Education) 2015,

Available online:

Publication (Name of Journal)

Comparative and International Education / Éducation Comparée et Internationale

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.