Document Type



Community Health Sciences; School of Nursing and Midwifery, Pakistan


Globally 529,000 women die every year due to harmful consequences of childbirth. This study aimed to explore the barriers and facilitators that influence the provision of quality care during labour at maternity centres in Karachi, Pakistan. The qualitative exploratory study design was used to study such factors from public and private maternity health facilities of Karachi, Pakistan. A total of 12 in-depth interviews were conducted through purposive sampling by using validated semi-structured interview guide. Data was analysed using content analysis manually. Among major barriers, unhygienic environment, lack of basic equipment, supplies and medicine, unprofessional attitude of staff, physical infrastructre and shotrage of staff were explored. Among facilitators, caring and supportive attitude of healthcare personnel during labour were identified. These identified determinants would guide policy-makers, Maternal, Newborn and Child Health (MNCH) planners and health managers to take appropriate actions to enhance the quality of maternal care which will subsequently result in considerable reduction in maternal mortalities.

Publication (Name of Journal)

JPMA. The Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association