Factors influencing nurses' provision of self-management support for patients with chronic illnesses: A systematic mixed studies review

Document Type



School of Nursing and Midwifery, Pakistan


Background: Self-management support is considered an important task for nurses working in chronic care provision. The complex nature of self-management support makes it necessary to clarify the factors affecting the behaviour of nurses in supporting patients living with chronic illnesses.
Objective: The aim of this review is to synthesize the factors influencing the provision of self-management support as perceived by nurses in the care for patients living with a chronic illness.
Design: A systematic mixed studies review.
Data source: Studies published in English from 1999 to April 2020 were extracted from five databases: CINAHL, PubMed, Cochrane library, EMBASE, and Web of Science.
Review method: The selection process was guided by PICo (Population, phenomenon of Interest, and Context). Studies that highlighted factors associated with the provision of self-management support among nurses, within the context of the top four non-communicable chronic diseases, were included. The risk of bias was carefully assessed. Using data-based convergent synthesis, the identified factors were synthesized and tabulated. The clusters of factors organized under each theme were approved by all researchers in discussion meetings.
Results: In total, sixteen studies met the inclusion criteria; out of these, seven were qualitative, seven quantitative, and two mixed methods studies. The review identified nurses' perspectives regarding factors influencing self-management support at the patient, nurse, care relationship, education and training, organization and healthcare system, and intra- and inter-professional levels. The review provided evidence that these factors are interdependent in nature.
Conclusion: This review proposed considering a framework of interdependent factors influencing self-management support. It highlighted the need to come up with a comprehensive definition of self-management support that takes into account the emotional aspect as well as patient-as-partner approach. The proposed framework can be useful in tailoring multi-faceted interventions to strengthen nurses' supportive role in self-management of chronic care. Future studies should focus on exploring contextually relevant factors impacting nurses' supportive role in self-management.


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Publication (Name of Journal)

International Journal of Nursing Studies