Escaping from life: Suicidal behaviors

Document Type



School of Nursing and Midwifery, Pakistan


An individual undergoes through various psychological changes during his life. These changes sometimes result in disparities hence, life loses its state of equilibrium. This gives rise to risk taking behaviors like suicide. The literature review has been conducted to identify and highlight the causes of suicide, and some strategies to reduce its rate in order to promote individuals' physical and mental health. Various databases and search engines, ranging from 1998 to 2013, have been used to conduct a detailed analysis of the problem. Epidemiological studies show that suicide has taken a heavy toll. In east, suicidal behaviors are misinterpreted as honorable martyrdoms (Vaknin, 2013). Moreover, teenage suicide is the third leading cause of death among adolescents (Shain, 2007). These findings suggest that an instant attention is required towards the issue. Various socioeconomic, psychiatric, and personality disorders and sometimes the mixture of these are responsible behind its existing trends. Therefore, the resolution of the problem requires a multidimensional approach. Suicide is considered as a failure of coping mechanism. Since, it negatively influences health, it becomes important to reduce its trends. A collaborative effort of health professionals, society, and governmental organizations is required to hamper its growth.


i-Manager's Journal on Nursing