Maternal and newborn outcomes of care from community midwives in Pakistan: A retrospective analysis of routine maternity data

Document Type



Obstetrics and Gynaecology; School of Nursing and Midwifery, Pakistan


Objective: The study aimed to determine the maternal and newborn outcomes of Community Midwives' (CMWs') services in Pakistan as recorded in the provincial Management Information System (MIS) of the government's Maternal Newborn and Child Health (MNCH) program of Sindh province.
Methodology: A descriptive retrospective design was used to examine the monthly reports of CMWs, stored in the MNCH-MIS, for the period of January 2013 to December 2015. A total of 200 CMWs were randomly selected from 23 districts of the Sindh province. The outcomes of the CMWs' services were analyzed, using descriptive statistics.
Results: The analysis of data of 23 districts revealed that a total of 103,836 antenatal care were attended by 200 CMWs who were selected for the study. For intranatal care, 23,296 cases were registered, of which 78.3% (n = 18, 233) returned to these CMWs at the time of delivery. During the period, 17,849 were live births. The still birth rate was calculated to be 13.4/1000, the abortion rate was 7.3 per 1000 pregnant women, newborn mortality rate was 12.4/1000 live births, and the maternal mortality ratio was 142.5/100,000 live births. Moreover, the low birth weight newborns were 9% of the total live births.
Conclusion: This study indicates that although the outcomes for CMWs are better than for some other cadres in Pakistan, they are still inadequate compared to midwives trained to the international standards. The outcomes presented in this study are in line with the challenges of CMWs survival reported in the earlier studies. This strongly indicate need for improvement in CMWs pre-service and in-service education to meet the international quality standards set by ICM.


Issue, and pagination are not provided by the author/publisher

Publication (Name of Journal)