Self-care and its predictors among patients with heart failure in Karachi, Pakistan.
School of Nursing and Midwifery, Pakistan
Self-care in heart failure (HF) is essential to improve Quality of Life (QoL) and reduce hospital readmissions. It is a well-researched phenomenon in western countries but still unexplored in developing countries like Pakistan.
The aim of this study was to explore the level of self-care behaviour (SCB) and its associated factors among patients with HF in Karachi Pakistan.
In a cross-sectional survey, SCB was measured from 230 patients with HF, using the European Heart Failure Self-Care Behavior scale (EHFSCBs_9). Its associated factors were assessed via a self-developed checklist prepared by the researcher (lead author).
The overall mean of SCB was 29.73+/-7.03. As a result of multi-variable regression analysis, out of the six variables, only three variables were significantly associated with SCB, explaining the 23.4% variance. These variables were education; income; and chronicity of HF diagnosis.
The findings of the study suggest that public health initiatives in the form of supportive-educative interventions are a dire need to enhance self-care among patients with HF.
British Journal of Cardiac Nursing
Gul, R. B.,
(2017). Self-care and its predictors among patients with heart failure in Karachi, Pakistan.. British Journal of Cardiac Nursing, 12(7), 333-338.
Available at: https://ecommons.aku.edu/pakistan_fhs_son/289