Faculty practice in a private teaching institution in a developing country: embracing the possibilities.

Document Type



School of Nursing and Midwifery, Pakistan; Centre for Innovation in Medical Education



This paper discusses a case study on implementing faculty practice in a private teaching institution in a developing country where direct 'hands-on' care is undervalued by nurses.


In Pakistan, faculty practice is not well known and related to indirect care. In the institution studied, faculty practice has been a major consideration to strengthen relationships between clinical and academic sectors. Data Source: MEDLINE and CINHAL were searched (1979 to July 2009). A consultative process was used by the faculty practice committee members and involved open discussions with academic and clinical service faculty in the institution studied.


There is no empirical evidence to identify effective models for implementing faculty practice. A formalized faculty practice plan was identified as an important organization factor to promote faculty practice. Implications For Nursing: Identifying a definition of faculty practice and scholarship was an important step to ensure conceptual clarity. Consistent with the literature, workload, remuneration and performance appraisal were identified as perceived threats. The hierarchy in nursing is a unique organizational factor that will need to be addressed. Given the lack of research on the effectiveness of faculty practice and its models, evaluation is imperative.


Dissonance is an overall theme of the literature and stems from the perceived threats/risks of faculty practice. Faculty practice may fulfil institutional, personal and professional needs of individual faculty members. Faculty practice offers an opportunity to change attitudes, beliefs and values related to direct care in the institution studied and influence other institutions in Pakistan.


Journal of Advanced Nursing