A qualitative study of nursing leader's perceptions of professional empowerment amongst Pakistani nurses

Document Type



Community Health Sciences; School of Nursing and Midwifery, Pakistan


Several researches focused on impeding and promoting factors of empowerment amongst nurses in western context; little is available in non-western settings including Pakistan.
Therefore, qualitative approach was used to explore nursing leaders’ perception of empowerment amongst Pakistani nurses. Twelve Pakistani nursing leaders from the public and private sector were interviewed. The data revealed the concept of empowerment in five themes including status of a nurse, nursing profession, power relationships, value belief system and leadership and management. Dealing with challenges, adopting strategies, and achieving outcomes were also explored. However, this paper is going to focus empowerment in relation to educational context. The study concluded by offering recommendations for empowering nursing leaders.

Publication (Name of Journal)

International Journal of Nursing Education