Case report : discontented life versus peaceful death

Document Type



School of Nursing and Midwifery, Pakistan


In today’s healthcare system, health professionals deal with many challenging dilemmas and controversies that are difficult to resolve. Among several issues, the issue of refusal of blood transfusion by the patient in an emergency situation has been debated a lot in the literature. It is a crucial issue that puts health care professional in a state of confusion, and creates ethical and legal dilemma to deal with. The health professional engage in ethical inquiry to identify the best possible option, based on ethical grounds and discover morally-justifiable solution while prioritizing a patient’s interest. The pioneers in ethical theories and principles provide us a framework to ethical decision making. The widely used ethical theories include Utilitarian, and Kantism.


International Journal of Nursing Education