Title

Mitochondrial neurogastrointestinal encephalomyopathy disease in three siblings from Pakistan with a novel mutation

Document Type

Report

Department

Medical College Pakistan

Abstract

Mitochondrial neurogastrointestinal encephalomyopathy (MNGIE) is a rare multisystem autosomal recessive disorder. The disease is clinically heterogeneous with gastrointestinal symptoms of intestinal dysmotility and cachexia as well as neurological symptoms of ophthalmoplegia, neuropathy, sensorineural hearing impairment, and diffuse leukoencephalopathy being most prominent. MNGIE is caused by mutations in TYMP , a gene that encodes thymidine phosphorylase (TP)-a cytosolic enzyme. Mutations in TYMP lead to very low TP catalytic activity, resulting in dramatically increased thymidine and deoxyuridine in plasma. We describe the clinical, biochemical, and neuroimaging findings of three boys with MNGIE from a Pakistani family with a novel homozygous mutation, c.798_801dupCGCG p. (Ala268Argfs*?), in exon 7 of TYMP

Publication

Journal of Pediatric Genetics

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