Document Type



Obstetrics and Gynaecology


The purpose of this research study, which is a thesis investigation, was to develop a reference framework that can help program staff to evaluate quality in Early Childhood Education (ECE) settings. The study was approached with three questions. This paper presents the first question of the study that enables practitioners to understand what are the variables that best define quality in early childhood education. The grounded theory, design was approached to explore the experiences of 20 ECE experts in the field. The data analysis revealed eight main indicators, that are, holistic development, interactive teaching, trained practitioners, conducive learning environment, safe schools, responsive leadership, parental/community involvement, and child friendly policies as quality defining elements shared by the practitioners. The inference of the study will enable program agencies to ensure the implementation of these quality indicators in their programs.

Publication (Name of Journal)

Pakistan Business Review