Document Type



Obstetrics and Gynaecology


Objective: To evaluate the foeto-maternal outcome in instrumental delivery.
Methods: This retrospective record review was conducted at Aga Khan Maternal and Child Care Centre, Hyderabad, Pakistan, and comprised medical records from January 2014 to January 2016. Data related to all women with singleton pregnancy at term gestation and having undergone vacuum or forceps delivery was included. Data of women who had multiple pregnancies, caesarean section, and presentation other than cephalic, placenta previa were excluded. SPSS 19 was used for data analysis.
Results: Of the 400 participants, 255(63.75%) were aged between 22-28 years and 145(36.25%) between 29-35 years. Moreover, 268(67%) women were primigravida. Of them, 225(56.25%) presented at more than 40 weeks of the gestation. The foetal complication such as cephalohaematoma was observed in 3(0.75%) cases.
Conclusion: Instrumental vaginal delivery was found to be safe and is the best substitute of the caesarean sections.

Publication (Name of Journal)

Journal of Pakistan Medical Association