Was that hysterectomy really necessary? Audit of operative justification at the Aga Khan University Medical Centre, Karachi

Document Type



Obstetrics and Gynaecology


Hysterectomy in Pakistan, like in other parts of the world is considered to be overused in a number of cases. As a part of a quality assurance process at the Aga Khan University Medical Centre, Karachi, 376 hysterectomies performed between January, 1987 and December, 1989 were retrospectively analysed and the results are presented. In 250 (66.5%) cases, where pathology was expected to be found, the hysterectomy was considered justified if the preoperative diagnosis was verified by the pathology report of if significant alternate pathology was present. In 126 (33.5%) cases, where no pathology was expected to be found 'validation criteria' were used to ascertain justification of the procedure. The results showed justification rates of 83% for recurrent uterine bleeding, 85% for adenomyosis, 90% for adnexal masses and endometrial carcinoma, 95% for fibroids, 97% for pelvic relaxation and 100% each for pregnancy catastrophe, endometriosis, chronic pelvic inflammatory disease and premalignant disease of uterus and cervix. In general 92.0% of all hysterectomies in this series were justified.


The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology