Unenhanced helical computed tomography in the evaluation of acute flank pain
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to determine the value of unenhanced helical computed tomography (UHCT) in the diagnosis of acute flank pain at our institution.
Methods: Two hundred and thirty-three consecutive UHCT examinations, performed for suspected renal/ureteral colic between July 2000 and August 2001 were reviewed, along with pertinent medical records.
Results: Ureteral calculi were identified in 148 (64%) examinations, evidence of recent passage of calculi was found in 10 (4%) and no calculi were found in 75 (32%). Thirty-two of the conservatively managed patients were excluded for inadequate follow-up. In the remaining 201 patients, sensitivity of UHCT in diagnosing calculi was 99% and specificity was 98%, while the positive predictive value was 99% and negative positive predictive value was 98%. Overall, an alternative or additional diagnosis was established in 28 (12%) patients. Upon diagnosis of ureterolithiasis on UHCT, none of the patients required additional imaging studies for confirmation.
Conclusion: UHCT is a highly sensitive imaging modality for the detection of urinary tract calculi and obstruction.
International Journal of Urology
Ahmad, N. A.,
Ather, M. H.,
(2003). Unenhanced helical computed tomography in the evaluation of acute flank pain. International Journal of Urology, 10(6), 287-292.
Available at: https://ecommons.aku.edu/pakistan_fhs_mc_surg_urol/140