Title

Implementation of surgical audit in Pakistan

Document Type

Article

Department

Surgery

Abstract

UNLABELLED: Surgical audit, while extensively practised in the West, is still widely believed an impossible attainment in developing countries owing to the high cost and technology required to implement it. It is thus a poorly understood and rarely practised exercise in these countries. In this article we attempt to demonstrate the usefulness and feasibility of implementing audit in the setting of a developing country using personal computers (PCs) with simple, inexpensive and easily available software. We discuss the results of data analysis of 18 months of audit conducted by one general surgery team (2 consultants, 4 residents) at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi.Objective: To implement surgical audit in the setting of a developing country using microcomputers with simple, inexpensive and easily available software.Design: Data analysis of inpatient audit proformas filled at weekly audit meetings from January 1989-July 1990 using Dbase III Plus.SETTING: One general surgery team (2 consultants, 4 residents) in a tertiary care hospital in Karachi.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Disease patterns, caseload, complication rates.Results: Conditions related to the biliary system made 26.1 per cent of the admitting diagnoses; 25.3 per cent of the patients had some co-existing medical condition as well, diabetes and hypertension being most common. The overall morbidity was 12.3 per cent and the mortality 1.5 per cent. Chest infection, wound infection and urinary retention were the most common post-operative complications.CONCLUSIONS: Results of audit data analysis initiated new research projects and development of protocols to improve patient care. Audit meetings also served as teaching sessions for residents.

Publication

Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England

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