Document Type



Anaesthesia; Neurosurgery


Introduction: Awake craniotomy (AC) has emerged as a better modality for resection of intra-axial brain tumors. The advantages are not just related to the preservation of neurological function, but also include early recovery, short hospital stay and possibly lower costs. However, data on AC for meningioma resection is deficient, likely because of concerns related to intra-operative pain and blood loss.
Methods: All patients who underwent AC, using awake through-out technique for resection of meningioma, during the last five years, were included in the study. Non-probability consecutive sampling technique was employed. Variables for demographics, and details of diagnosis and surgical procedure were recorded. The outcomes measured were length of hospital stay, worsening of neurological function during surgery and significant intra-operative or post-operative pain.
Results: Seventeen patients underwent AC for resection of meningioma during the study period. Eleven of these were grade I meningioma, and six were grade II meningioma. The mean age was 45.8 ± 10.5 years. Presenting complaints were variable, with seizures being the most common (n = 7; 41.2%). The mean duration of surgery was 180.8 ± 36.2 minutes and median estimated blood loss was 450 ml (IQR: 225 ml - 737.5 ml). The mean length of stay in the hospital was 3.1 ± 1.3 days. Only one patient had a prolonged hospital stay of seven days, because of post-operative seizures. Eleven patients (58.3%) had convexity meningioma, 4 (33.3%) had parasagittal meningioma and 1 each had a parafalcine and anterior skull-base meningioma. Simpson grade I resection was performed in 6 (41.7%) patients, grade II resection in 10 (50%) patients, and grade III resection in 1 (5.9%) patient. None of our patients had deterioration in their neurological deficits after surgery and no one required emergency intubation, conversion of surgery to general anesthesia, or redo exploration.
Conclusion: AC may be considered a safe modality for surgical resection of convexity and parasagittal meningioma, with no significant risk of intra-operative or post-operative pain, although it requires more evidence. It can be offered to patients who are at higher risk, or are not willing to undergo general anesthesia. Ultimately, it might also be beneficial in terms of reducing overall costs.


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Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.