Objectives: To study clinical and radiological outcomes in patients who had undergone the procedure of anterior cervical discectomy and fusion with titanium or PEEK (polyetheretherketone) cages for cervical disc prolapse.
Methods: This is a retrospective/non-randomized study which was conducted at the Combined Military Hospital Peshawar. Study interval was four years from 1st October, 2010 to 31st September, 2014. Total number of included patients were 149. All of the patients had undergone the procedure of anterior cervical discectomy and fusion with titanium or PEEK (polyetheretherketone) cages. All of the patients had plain MRI cervical spine done for diagnosis of anterior cervical disc prolapse.
Results: Most of the patients had stenosis at the C5 / C6 (PEEK cage group 63% and titanium cage group 47.6%) and C6 / C7 (PEEK cage group 15.38% and titanium cage group 19.04%) cervical level. Bi-level involvement was also seen. In the patients who complained of brachialgia, total resolution of symptoms was seen after the operation. Three (2.01%) of the patients in titanium cage group, who presented with axial neck pain, continued to complain of pain after the operation. Four (2.6%) of the patients in PEEK (polyetheretherketone) cage group and 2 (1.3%) in titanium cage group complained of pain at the donor site (iliac crest). Fusion rate was 100% with both titanium and PEEK (polyetheretherketone) cages at one year.
Conclusion: Results with titanium and PEEK (polyetheretherketone) cages are excellent. There was no significant difference in clinical and radiological outcome between two groups of patients (p > 0.05). Fusion rate was 100% at one year with both cages.
Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences
(2018). Radiological and clinical outcomes in patients undergoing anterior cervical discectomy and fusion: Comparing titanium and PEEK (polyetheretherketone) cages. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences, 34(6), 1412-1417.
Available at: https://ecommons.aku.edu/pakistan_fhs_mc_surg_neurosurg/171
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