Document Type



Dental-oral, Maxillo-facial Surgery


Objective: To identify the frequency of different types of oral clefts and presence of known risk factors among patients.Methods: The retrospective review of 292 patients, presenting with oral clefts between 1992 and 2011, was conducted at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi. A pre-designed questionnaire was used to collect details, including demographics, type of cleft, presence of known risk factors, surgical details, and follow-up visits. SPSS 16 was used for data analysis. Chi-square test and analysis of variance was used: whenever applicable.Results: Of the total, 168 (57-53%) patients had cleft lip with or without cleft palate, and 124 (42.5%) had cleft palate alone. The most common defect was left-sided complete cleft lip and palate and midline incomplete cleft palate in the two groups respectively. Consanguinity among the parents was found to be the most common risk factor (n = 50; 17.1%). Median age of repair was 4 months for cleft lip and 10 months for cleft palate in the first group. For the other group, the median age of primary repair was 13 months. First-week follow-up after surgery was 50% (n = 84) for the lip repair, and 65% (n = 81) for palate repair.CONCLUSION: Our review revealed that most patients had cleft lip with or without cleft palate (CL/P). The most common risk factor was consanguinity among parents. Delay in seeking care, low follow-up rates after surgical repair of the anomaly and lack of involvement of speech therapist and orthodontist was observed.


Journal of Pakistan Medical Association

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Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License