CT texture analysis for differentiating between peritoneal carcinomatosis and peritoneal tuberculosis: A cross-sectional study

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Purpose :Peritoneal carcinomatosis (PC) and peritoneal tuberculosis (PTB) have similar clinical and radiologic imaging features, which make it very difficult to differentiate between the two entities clinically. Our aim was to determine if the CT textural parameters of omental lesions among patients with PC were different from those with PTB
Methods; All patients who had undergone omental biopsy at our institution from January 2010 to December 2018 and had a tissue diagnosis of PC or PTB were eligible for inclusion. Patients who did not have a contrast-enhanced CT abdomen within one month of the omental biopsy were excluded. A region of interest (ROI) was manually drawn over omental lesions and radiomic features were extracted using open-source LIFEx software. Statistical analysis was performed to compare mean differences in CT texture parameters between the PC and PTB groups. Results: A total of 66 patients were included in the study of which 38 and 28 had PC and PTB, respectively. Omental lesions in patients with PC had higher mean radiodensity (mean difference: +32.4; p = 0.001), higher mean entropy (mean difference: +0.11; p < 0.001), and lower mean energy (mean difference: −0.024; p = 0.001) compared to those in PTB. Additionally, omental lesions in the PC group had lower gray-level co-occurrence matrix (GLCM) homogeneity (mean difference: −0.073; p < 0.001) and higher GLCM dissimilarity (mean difference: +0.480; p < 0.001) as compared to the PTB group

Conclusion: CT texture parameters of omental lesions differed significantly between patients with PTB and those with PC, which may help clinicians in differentiating between the two entities.


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Publication (Name of Journal)

Abdominal Radiology