Inpatient assessment of the neurological outcome of acute stroke patients based on the National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS)

Document Type





Objective: Identify the association between stroke severity and the neurological outcome of an acute stroke using the National Institutes of Health stroke scale (NIHSS).
Study design: A descriptive cross-sectional study.Place and duration of study: Northwest hospital Hayatabad Peshawar.
Methodology: A cross-sectional descriptive study was done in the general plus stroke unit of the northwest hospital in Peshawar, KPK during Jan 2022 to July 2022.400 admitted patients diagnosed with acute stroke in the past three months were included for NIHSS assessment and were classified as mild, moderate, or severe stroke. After entering all of the data from the collection into SPSS version 16, the information was transferred to an Excel spreadsheet. To further assess the results, the researcher and statistician evaluated all of the cases, radiological findings, and laboratory test data.
Results: In this cross-sectional descriptive study, 400 individuals ranging from 30 to 90 years of age were divided into two groups: males and females. The survey was conducted by 49% of men and 51% of women. The stroke severity was assessed to be mild in 22% of cases, moderate in 49%, and severe in 29% of patients. As evaluated by the NIHSS, Patients with acute ischemic stroke were divided into four groups depending on their neurological outcomes: those who improved were 160 (40%), those who remained stable were 124 (31%), and those who deteriorated were 52 (13%), and those who died were 64 (16%). Patients with greater triglyceride levels were 88, while those with lower levels were 312. Acute stroke was also detected in 34% of patients with a covid history, 28% of patients who were covid positive, and 38% of patients who were covid free in this investigation.
Conclusion: According to our findings, the NIHSS is a reliable scale for evaluating patients' neurological outcomes and determining the association between acute stroke severity and cognitive functioning (NIHSS).


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Publication (Name of Journal)

Annals of Medicine and Surgery