Peroral radiographic placement of biliary stents
The authors describe a modification of peroral-transhepatic placement of biliary stents for patients with malignant biliary obstruction. A stent is "pulled" into place perorally. The procedure can be performed with simple, readily available commercial materials. An endoscopist is not required. This method is cost-effective, less cumbersome, and easier to perform than the standard methods. In the authors' four cases, this modified approach appears equally effective.
Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology
Bley, W. R.,
(1992). Peroral radiographic placement of biliary stents. Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology, 3(2), 375-377.
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