Title

Needle biopsy findings in prostatic adenocarcinoma: experience at a tertiary care center in a developing country

Document Type

Article

Department

Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

Abstract

The objectives of this study are to report the findings in prostatic needle biopsies positive for cancer seen in our practice with regard to the frequency of cancer detected at various sites, the cancer volume, Gleason grade, presence of perineural invasion, and others; to correlate cancer volume with Gleason grade, perineural invasion, and serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels; and to correlate Gleason grade with serum PSA levels. The study was conducted at The Section of Histopathology, Department of Pathology and Microbiology, Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan. All consecutive needle biopsies received from January 1, 2011 to June 30, 2012, which were positive for prostatic adenocarcinoma, were included in the study. Statistical analysis was carried out using SPSS 19.0 software package (SPSS Hong Kong Headquarters, Quarry Bay, Hong Kong). A total of 97 needle biopsies positive for carcinoma in this period were included. Prostate-specific antigen levels were available in 60.8% cases and ranged from 5.0 to 1747 ng/mL. Tumor was bilaterally present in 54.6% cases. Tumor positivity in right apex, mid, and base was 52.6%, 54.6%, and 51.5%, respectively. Tumor positivity in left apex, mid, and base was 55.7%, 63.9%, and 59.8%, respectively. Average tumor volume in right apex, mid, and base was 51.2%, 50.6%, and 49.9%, respectively. Average tumor volume in left apex, mid, and base was 49.8%, 49.1%, and 51.6%, respectively. Gleason score was 6 in 52.6% cases and 7 in 28.9% cases. Perineural invasion was positive in 46.4% cases. High-grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia was seen in 4 (4.1%) of 97 cases. On statistical analysis, no significant correlation was found between tumor volume and serum PSA levels. However, significant correlation was found between tumor volume and Gleason grade and between tumor volume and presence of perineural invasion. No significant correlation was found between Gleason grade and serum PSA level. To our knowledge, these are the first reported findings in prostatic needle biopsies from Pakistan. Most prostatic carcinomas in our country are still diagnosed on transurethral resection specimens, and needle biopsies are quite uncommon. Findings in needle biopsies will help in predicting adverse prognostic factors on radical prostatectomies and in planning surgery accordingly.

Publication

Annals of Diagnostic Pathology

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