Title

Bone marrow necrosis - initial presentation in sickle cell anemia

Document Type

Article

Department

Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

Abstract

Patient: Male, 20 FINAL DIAGNOSIS: Sickle cell anemia Symptoms: Bone marrow necrosis bone pain fever hepatomegaly icterus splenomegaly weaknessMEDICATION: - Clinical Procedure: - Specialty: Hematology.
Objective:
Unusual clinical course.
Background:
In sickle cell disease, bone involvement is the commonest clinical presentation in the acute as well as chronic setting presenting as painful vaso-occlusive crisis and avascular necrosis, respectively. Other complications include bone marrow necrosis and infarction.
Case Report:
We report a case of a 20-year-old male who was referred for bone marrow evaluation due to symptoms of fever, weakness, and repeated episodes of bone pains. Bone trephine biopsy revealed multiple areas of central necrosis surrounded by fibroblasts.
Conclusion:
Recognition of necrosis through bone trephine biopsy is important for early initiation of therapy.

Publication

The American Journal of Case Reports

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