Histological pattern of central nervous system neoplasms
Objective: To see in a large series of patients the histological pattern of CNS neoplasms and to provide a comprehensive data about the frequency of CNS neoplasms in Pakistani patients and to give a clearer idea about their prevalence.
Method: Retrospective study of all consecutive cases of CNS neoplasms diagnosed at The Aga Khan University Hospital (AKUH) between 1st January 1994 and 31st December, 1999.
Setting: The section of Histopathology, AKUH, Karachi.
Observation: Our series included a large number of cases i.e., 1110 . There are very few local studies on CNS tumours and none so large . Our data was correlated with published Western and Pakistani data . Glial tumours were the commonest primary CNS neoplasms followed by meningiomas . Among glial tumours , astrocytomas comprised the largest group and the majority were high grade (Ill and IV ) astrocytomas. Percentages of anaplastic oligodendrogliomas and ependymomas were also significant. Male to female ratio was 1.6:1. However, meningiomas were more common in females. Almost half of the CNS tumours in patients 15 years or younger were in the posterior cranial fossa . Metastatic tumours were much lower as compared to the West.
Conclusion: Except for the high percentages of anaplastic oligodendrogliomas and ependymomas and the low percentage of metastatic tumours, most of our findings roughly correspond with the published data.