Assessing the knowledge, attitude and practice of osteoporosis among Pakistani women: A national social-media based survey

Document Type



Pathology and Laboratory Medicine; Medical College Pakistan; Community Health Sciences; Haematology/Oncology


Background: There are numerous risk factors for osteoporosis and understanding and recognizing these risk factors is critical when deciding whether to take preventive measures. It is critical to reduce the healthcare expenditure burden of the Pakistani population by raising awareness and implementing osteoporosis-preventable measures. This survey aims to assess the knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) of Pakistani women as well as their misconceptions about osteoporosis.
Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted from August 2021 to January 2022 by the Bone & Mineral Disease research group at Section of Chemical Pathology, Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Aga Khan University, Karachi, with exemption from the ethical review committee. Using snowball sampling, a validated Osteoporosis Prevention and Awareness Tool (OPAAT) was disseminated online via social media. With informed consent, 400 Pakistani women aged ≥ 18 years were included in the study. SPSS Statistics version 25.0 was used for data analysis. Chi-square test for association and Fisher-exact test were applied, and significance level was α<0.05.
Results: Based on the OPAAT scores of all (n = 400) participants, 22% (n = 88) had low knowledge, 44% (n = 176) had average knowledge, while 34% (n = 136) had good knowledge of osteoporosis. The most common misconceptions were about age-related risk, presentation of symptoms, radiation risk, associated risk factors like tooth loss, osteoarthritis, and knowledge about predictors of bone health.
Conclusion: Adult Pakistani women have a fair understanding of osteoporosis, but the OPAAT tool clarifies some common misconceptions. There is a need to develop educational strategies to increase the knowledge of osteoporosis among Pakistani adults and to promote a bone-healthy lifestyle.


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Publication (Name of Journal)

PloS One