Spectrum of cystic fibrosis conductance regulator gene mutations reported in Pakistani descent cystic fibrosis patients

Document Type



Pathology and Laboratory Medicine


Cystic fibrosis (CF) is caused by mutations in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene. This study aims to determine the genotypic and phenotypic spectrum of the CFTR gene mutations reported in the literature for Pakistani-origin CF patients. Databases were searched for such studies from 1947-2019 for sample size, method of diagnosis, and CFTR gene mutations. The authors identified 12 studies reporting 33 CFTR gene mutations, both intronic as well as exonic in Pakistani origin patients. The most widely tested mutation was D508 with a frequency of 17%-60%. No hotspot zone was identified and not all reported mutations were causing disease. There is a need to identify common mutations in the Pakistani population to develop population-specific CFTR mutations panel. This will enable the researchers to perform phenotype-genotype correlation studies to improve the CF detection rate.

Publication (Name of Journal)

Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons--Pakistan