M. tuberculosis Central Assian Strain 1 MDR isolates have more mutations in rpoB and katG genes compared with other genotypes

Document Type



Pathology and Microbiology


Pakistan ranks eighth globally among TB burden countries, with a MDR rate of 2-5%. The most prevalent MTB genotype is Central Asian Strain1 (CAS1) followed by the Beijing genogroup. We investigated common mutations in multidrug resistance encoding genes rpoB, katG and inhA of CAS1 and Beijing strains using DNA sequencing and fluorescent resonance energy transfer (FRET) probe based real-time PCR methods. 30 CAS1, 12 Beijing and 20 unclustered spoligotypes, and 10 susceptible MTB strains were tested. The most common mutations in the rpoB gene were at codons 531 (60%), 526 (23%) and 516 (5%). CAS1 strains had a higher frequency of mutations at codon 526 (p


Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases