Document Type

Article

Department

Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

Abstract

Background: The Corona-Score is one of the first and most widely used predictive model for coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection. The purpose of this study was to validate the performance of Corona-Score in a cohort of Pakistani patients pursuing care for suspected infection.
Methods: After seeking institution's ethical committee exemption, results of serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), C-reactive protein (CRP), ferritin, absolute lymphocyte and neutrophil counts, chest x-ray findings and demographics of suspected COVID-19 cases with respiratory symptoms were recouped from electronic medical record. The pre-validated score as proposed by Kurstjens S et al., was calculated. The subjects were divided into SARS-CoV-2 positive and negative on the basis of reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) findings. Median and interquartile range (IQR) was calculated for the score in the two groups and the difference was assessed using the independent sample median test. Receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curve analysis was plotted. Statistical analyses were carried out using SPSS 26, with statistical significance set at p value < 0.05.
Results: A total of sixty cases, 30 (50%) RT-PCR positive and 30 (50%) negative with a median Corona-Score of 3.5 (IQR: 0-6) and 1.5 (IQR: 0-4) respectively, were evaluated. A p-value of 0.61 showing no statistically significant between group differences was observed. The area under the curve of Corona-Score in our population of patients was 0.59 (95% CI: 0.45-0.74). Using the cut-off values of four originally identified by Kurstjens et al. the model displayed 43.3% sensitivity and 70% specificity with an overall accuracy of 56.67%.
Conclusion: Corona-Score displayed a lower diagnostic accuracy which may be attributable to the different genetic framework, viral strain and severity of the disease in Pakistanis compared to the population where this score was originally validated. However, large multi-center studies across the country are dire need of time to evaluate the score in overly exhausted health care setup and limited availability of PCR testing.

Comments

Issue, and pagination are not provided by the author/publisher

Publication

Annals of Medicine and Surgery

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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