Document Type



Gastroenterology; Pathology and Laboratory Medicine


Introduction: Liver cirrhosis is an irreversible and end-stage disease. It results from chronic liver damage characterized by the replacement of normal liver tissue by fibrosis, leading to the progressive loss of liver function. Making an early diagnosis of cirrhosis is important for patients with chronic hepatitis because early antiviral therapy can prevent the progression of cirrhosis and even induce regression. There have been efforts to develop surrogate markers for liver cirrhosis as the biopsy is invasive, costly, and difficult to standardize.
Methods: This was a cross-sectional study conducted at the Section of Chemical Pathology, the Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine in Collaboration with the Section of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, the Aga Khan University, from January to December 2018. A total of 90 patients (>18 years of age) with a history of chronic viral hepatitis, who were attending the FibroScan® (Echosens, Paris, France) clinic were included. Patients with a history of autoimmune liver diseases and hepatocellular carcinoma were excluded from the study. Blood samples withdrawn were analyzed on ADVIA Centaur® (Siemens Healthineers, Erlangen, Germany), and Forns scores were calculated based on the following four parameters: patient age, total cholesterol, gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT), and platelet count.
Results: The median age of the patients was 38.5 years [interquartile range (IQR): 21]. Among the study population, 59 (65.6%) were males and 31 (34.4%) were females; 26 patients showed reactivity for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), and 63 patients were found chronic with hepatitis C virus (HCV). The proportion of HCV was observed to be higher as compared with that of Hepatitis B virus (HBV). Nineteen patients were found to have jaundice and only one patient had ascites. An Area Under the Receiver Operating Curve (AUROC) was generated to determine the diagnostic accuracy of the Forns score. It was observed that the Forn score value of >7.110 had an AUROC of 0.9928 (95% CI: 0.9821-1.003, p-value: Conclusion: This study found the Forns score to be sensitive and specific in diagnosing liver cirrhosis in patients with chronic hepatitis. The Forns score at a cutoff of 7.11 is highly sensitive as well as a specific noninvasive method that can be used to ascertain the status of fibrosis in chronic hepatitis patients.


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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.