Document Type



Pathology and Laboratory Medicine


Objective: Clinicopathological features of gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumours (GEP-NETs) have rarely been studied in Pakistani population. We investigated clinical characteristics of these tumours according to updated World Health Organization (WHO) 2010 classification.
Methods: The data of Shifa International Hospital, Islamabad was retrospectively analysed for pathologically confirmed GEP-NETs from January 2013 to March 2018.
Results: One hundred and eighteen patients (mean age, 52.2± 16.4 years; Of these 65(55.1%) were males. Majority, 98(83.1%) of the patients were symptomatic including 6(5.1%) with functional tumours. Pancreas was the most frequent primary site noted in 33(28%) patients. The most common histologic type was well differentiated neuroendocrine tumour (WDNET) in 96(81.4%) patients followed by neuroendocrine carcinoma (NEC) in 11(16.1%) patients. Almost half the cases or 54(45.8%) of WDNET were grade 1, 32 (27.1%) were grade 2, and 10 (8.5%) were grade 3. Distant metastasis at the time of diagnosis was found in 18(15.3%) cases with 14,(77.7%) in liver as the most common metastatic site. Synaptophysin positivity was seen in 60 (96.8%) cases of grade 1, 32(27.2%) of grade 2 WDNET, 8(100%) cases of grade 3 WDNET and 12(92.3%) of NEC and chromogranin was positive in 49(94.2%) of grade 1 and grade 2 WDNET, 5 (83.3%) cases of grade 3 WDNET and 5 (45.4%) cases of NEC.
Conclusions: GEP-NETs showed a wide clinicopathological spectrum. Pancreas is the most common site of involvement by the GEP-NET, however, grade 3 WDNET had a predilection for colon. Small cell carcinoma was commonly observed in the oesophagus.

Publication (Name of Journal)

JPMA. The Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association