Document Type

Article

Department

Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

Abstract

Background: Pancreatic Solid Pseudopapillary Neoplasms (SPNs) are rare low-grade malignant tumors with a marked preponderance for young females. Objective was to describe the morphology, differential diagnosis, and prognosis of SPNs in patients under 20 years of age and present a detailed review of literature.
Methods: A total of 29 cases in patients under 20 years of age reported as SPN during the period January 2014 to December 2019, were included in the study. These included 19 resection specimens, 4 incision biopsies and 6 cases received as blocks for second opinion. Hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) slides as well as immunohistochemistry (IHC) slides of all cases were retrieved and reviewed by the authors. TFE3 and Progesterone Receptor were performed retrospectively.
Results: Twenty-eight of the 29 patients were females. Ages of patients ranged from 12 to 19 years. Nineteen cases were resections. Tail was the commonest location. Mean tumor size was 9.5 cm. In 89.5% cases, tumor was confined to the pancreas. In 2 cases, distant metastasis was present. In 2 cases, extension beyond pancreas was seen. Solid and pseudopapillary areas were seen in all cases while other features were variable. Beta catenin and Cyclin D1 were positive in most cases while TFE3 was positive in 57% cases. Progesterone Receptor (PR) was positive in all 13 cases in which it was performed. Follow up was available in 14 patients. Follow up period ranged from 3 to 70 months. Twelve were alive and well without recurrence or metastasis while 2 were alive with recurrence and metastasis to liver and omentum respectively.
Conclusions: Although many studies on SPNs have been published, surgeons, oncologists and even pathologists in this part of the world are often not aware of these rare tumors leading to inaccuracies and delays in diagnosis. In addition, this paper focusses on the interesting observation that the majority of SPNs diagnosed in our department during study period occurred in patients under 20 years of age (29 versus 21 in patients over 20). However, clinico-epidemiological, morphologic and prognostic features were similar in both age groups. Possibility of SPNs should always be considered in case of pancreatic neoplasms occurring in patients under 20 years of age as well. We believe that this is a very interesting and helpful study for the clinicians as well as the pathologists.

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Publication

Diagnostic Pathology

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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