Methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus outbreak in a neonatal intensive care unit
Obstetrics and Gynaecology; Paediatrics and Child Health; Pathology and Laboratory Medicine
The global and national burden of communicable and noncommunicable diseases continues to rise, thus making access to Healthcare workers (HCWs) colonized with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) may pose transmission risk to vulnerable patients including neonates. This study reports an MRSA outbreak in a level-II neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) of a secondary care hospital in Pakistan. Once identified, an infection control team from the parent hospital visited the facility, risk factors were listed and infection control measures taken to control the outbreak. Screening cultures of NICU staff and environmental cultures from NICU were obtained for the presence of MRSA. Five neonates were positive for MRSA; one HCW was found to be colonized with MRSA, the antibiogram pattern of which matched with that of the outbreak strain. Decolonization of colonized HCWs and re-deployment from NICU to outpatient department were taken and the outbreak was declared over once no further MRSA cases were identified. Identification of an outbreak situation is the cornerstone for its control and multiple measures taken simultaneously help in curbing the outbreak. Although an epidemiological link was established with the HCW, a molecular link could not be proven.
Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal
(2019). Methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus outbreak in a neonatal intensive care unit. Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, 25(7), 514-518.
Available at: https://ecommons.aku.edu/pakistan_fhs_mc_pathol_microbiol/1185