Polymorphisms in the GC gene for vitamin D binding protein and their association with vitamin D and bone mass in young adults
Objective: To identify DBP gene rs4588 and rs7041 polymorphisms and associate with participants' serum 25(OH)D and BMD levels.
Study Design: Cross-sectional descriptive study design.
Place and Duration of Study: Section of Chemical Pathology and Molecular Pathology, Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, The Aga Khan University, Karachi, from July 2014 to September 2015.
Methodology: Blood samples from 98 young adults, out of 101 samples collected, were genotyped for GC rs4588 and rs7041 polymorphisms by polymerase chain reaction-based restriction fragment length polymorphism assay. Questionnaires were administered to obtain information on demographics and anthropometric characteristics, BMD was assessed with heel ultrasound and 25(OH)D was measured using a Chemiluminescence immunoassay.
Results: High prevalence of vitamin D deficiency was noted in the study population n=87 (86.1%) having median (IQR) 25(OH)D levels of 14.9 (20.9) ng/ml, in males and 12.1 (51.8) ng/ml in females. The C/C genotype of SNP rs4588 had the highest proportion n=50 (51%), whereas for rs7041 genotype G/T was most frequently observed n=53 (54%) in subjects. Highest 25(OH)D levels were observed within the homozygous genotypes C/C median 25(OH)D 14.0 (49.6) and G/G (median 25(OH)D 14.9 (37.1) ng/ml. Statistically significant relationship was noted between rs7041 genotype G/T and BMD (p 0.037). Conclusion: Hypovitaminosis D was frequently found in young adults. Furthermore, G/T variant of rs7041 polymorphism was associated with lower 25(OH)D serum levels.