Title

Schwannomas with pseudoglandular elements: clinicopathologic study of 61 cases

Document Type

Article

Department

Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

Abstract

Schwannomas are benign neoplasms of peripheral nerve sheath. A number of morphologic variants of schwannoma have been described. The pseudoglandular variant is very rare. We retrieved and reviewed hematoxylin and eosin slides of all cases of schwannoma reported between 2007 and 2014 to look for pseudoglandular elements. Pseudoglandular cystic spaces were seen in 61 (6.3%) of 971 schwannomas diagnosed during the study period. Of these 61 cases, 56 (91.8%) were located in the spinal nerve roots. The majority (60.6%) were male. Mean age in these 61 cases was 41 years. Mean tumor size was 3.5 cm. All 61 cases showed typical Antoni A and Antoni B areas with multiple pseudoglandular cystic spaces scattered throughout. These areas were lined by flat to cuboidal cells which showed positivity for immunohistochemical stain S-100 and were negative for epithelial membrane antigen. An average of 7 pseudoglandular cystic spaces was noted per case. In conclusion, pseudoglandular cystic spaces are lined by Schwann cells and most likely represent degenerative changes in schwannoma probably degenerated Verocay bodies. They are rare albeit well-defined features seen in a significant though small number of schwannomas. It is important not to mistake them for other neoplasms. Larger studies are required to determine predilection of these changes in spinal nerve root schwannomas as seen in our series.

Publication

Annals of Diagnostic Pathology

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