Ultrasound biomicroscopy characterization of acrylic, silicone, and polymethyl methacrylate lenses in vitro

Document Type





Background: This study aims to characterize the reflective properties of some commonly used intraocular lenses (IOLs) in vitro, with a particular focus on lens haptics.
Methods: Six different types of IOLs, representative of silicone, acrylic, and polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA), single, multipiece, and multifocal were imaged using high-resolution ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM).
Results: Reflectivity patterns were distinct to the material that was being imaged irrespective of whether the part being imaged was the haptic or optic. Acrylic haptics demonstrated a single "tram-track" reduplication echo, whereas PMMA haptics showed multiple reverberation echoes off the posterior surface. The optics of various PMMA and acrylic lenses demonstrated a reflectivity pattern similar to the respective haptics made of the same material. Silicone optics displayed clear delineation with no reverberation. Both acrylic and silicone material was relatively less reflective when compared with PMMA.
Interpretation: With UBM imaging, the haptics of acrylic and PMMA IOLs demonstrate unique reflective patterns, depending on the material being studied. Prior knowledge of what the lens haptics and optics look like in vitro provides information that may assist in identifying and localizing misplaced intraocular lenses in vivo.


This work was published before the author joined Aga Khan University.

Publication (Name of Journal)

Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology