Bilateral acute posterior multifocal placoid pigment epitheliopathy with bacillary layer detachment following sinopharm COVID-19 vaccination: A case report

Document Type

Case Report




Various ocular manifestations associated with COVID-19 and vaccines, affecting both the anterior and posterior segments of the eye have been documented in the literature. In this report, we present the case of a 25-year-old male who complained of sudden-onset blurred vision and metamorphopsia in both eyes one day after receiving the second dose of the Sinopharm COVID-19 vaccine. The visual loss was painless, with no reported flashes or floaters. The patient had no significant medical or surgical history, no history of trauma, and no drug intake. Upon ocular examination, the best-corrected visual acuity was 6/60 (Snellen chart) in both eyes. The anterior segments appeared unremarkable, while fundoscopy revealed multiple yellowish-white subretinal lesions at the posterior pole of both eyes. Spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) confirmed the presence of subretinal fluid (SRF) with neurosensory detachment in each eye, along with bacillary layer detachment (BALAD). There were no signs of inflammation in the vitreous cavity. A diagnosis of acute posterior multifocal plaque pigment epitheliopathy (APMPPE) was established. The patient was prescribed nepafenac 0.1% drops to be instilled three times a day in both eyes and was advised to return for a follow-up examination in two weeks. At the follow-up visit, the patient's vision had improved to 6/9 in the right eye and 6/6 in the left eye, with most of the SRF absorbed. Unilateral APMPPE with BALAD has been mentioned in the literature following various COVID-19 vaccinations, but, to the best of our knowledge, this is the first case report where bilateral APMPPE with BALAD is reported. This case emphasizes the importance of a thorough eye examination for individuals experiencing ocular symptoms after receiving the COVID-19 vaccine.


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