Relationship of gender with laser retinopexy for retinal breaks

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Purpose: To explore the relationship of gender with laser retinopexy for retinal breaks in the Pakistani population.
Materials and methods: This was a 10-year retrospective observational study conducted at Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan. All consecutive patients who underwent laser retinopexy between January 2009 and December 2018 for a retinal tear or high-risk retinal degeneration (such as lattice degeneration) were included in this study. Data were collected from patients' files. Index eyes with a history of or treatment for retinal detachment were excluded. A structured pro forma was used to collect information. Descriptive statistics were used to explore the relationship between gender and laser retinopexy.
Results: We identified 12,457 patients through the coding system of our hospital who underwent various laser procedures from January 2009 to December 2018. Yttrium aluminium garnet (YAG) laser, laser peripheral iridotomy (PI), and laser trabeculoplasty procedures were all excluded. A total of 3,472 patients' files were reviewed for this study, out of which 958 patients met the inclusion criteria. Males accounted for a higher number (n=515, 53.87%). The mean age was 43.99±15.37 years. For exploratory analysis, participants were divided into five age groups: (24.16%); 31-40 years (16.59%); 41-50 years (19.45%); 51-60 years (26.40%); and >60 years (13.49%). Bilateral laser retinopexy was performed in 48.12% of patients; 24.79% and 27.13% of patients underwent unilateral laser retinopexy for the right and left eyes, respectively.
Conclusion: In our cohort study, laser retinopexy was more commonly performed in men than in women. The ratio was not significantly different from the prevalence of retinal tears and retinal detachment in the general population, which has a slightly higher male preponderance. We did not find evidence of significant gender bias among patients who underwent laser retinopexy in our study.


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