Document Type

Article

Department

Pulmonary and Critical Care

Abstract

Objective: Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis (GPA) is an autoimmune, multi-system, small and medium vessel vasculitis with granulomatous inflammation. Aim of this study was to assess the clinical and radiological presentations of patients with GPA amongst the Pakistani population. It is a single centre retrospective single observation study.

Results: Study was conducted at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi with records were reviewed from January 2000 to December 2017. Definitive diagnosis was made using a combination of serological anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA) testing along with the clinical and radiological presentation. A total of 51 patients met the diagnostic criteria in the time frame of the study. There were 23 males and 28 females with mean age of 44.0 ± 17.8 years on presentation. Arthritis was the most common symptom present in 41.2% of the cases followed by cough in 32.0%. Sixteen patients showed pulmonary infiltrates on chest X-ray. C-ANCA was positive in all of the patients compared with 21.6% p-ANCA positivity. A total of 13 biopsies were done. The median Birmingham Vasculitis Activity Score was 12. We report a 17.6% mortality rate with 5 deaths occurring due to respiratory failure. GPA is a diagnostic challenge leading to late diagnosis which can contribute to significant morbidity and mortality specially in the Third World.

Publication

BMC research notes.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

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