Tracheobronchopathia osteochondroplastica: A cause of chronic cough and haemoptysis

Document Type

Case Report


Pulmonary and Critical Care; Pathology and Microbiology; Pathology and Laboratory Medicine


Tracheobronchopathia osteochondroplastica (TPO) is a rare disorder of the tracheopulmonary tree characterised by osseous and cartilaginous submucosal nodules projecting into the tracheal lumen, sparing the posterior tracheal membranous wall. Symptoms are non-specific and may include dry cough, hoarseness, dyspnoea, recurrent pneumonia and occasionally haemoptysis. A fibreoptic bronchoscopy showing multiple tracheal nodules followed by pathological biopsy is required to reach the final diagnosis. Here, we report two cases of TPO, both with history of biomass fuel exposure and almost similar clinical presentions with chronic cough, shortness of breath and intermittent haemoptysis. They both underwent fibreoptic bronchoscopy showing multiple tracheal nodules whose histopathological analysis showed the diagnosis of TPO. Both patients were treated conservatively and remained in good health afterwards. Physicians should be aware about the need of advanced surgical procedures including endotracheal stent placement in more severe cases.


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Publication (Name of Journal)

BMJ Case Reports