Title

Invasive mediastinal aspergillosis presenting as superior vena cava syndrome in an immunocompetent patient

Document Type

Report

Department

Pulmonary and Critical Care; Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

Abstract

Invasive aspergillosis (IA) is a disease of the immunocompromised with a predilection for the lungs, although dissemination to all organs is possible. Its diagnosis remains a challenge due to the absence of specific clinical manifestations and laboratory findings. In most cases, diagnosis is eventually made via invasive methods. It carries with it a high mortality due to late diagnosis and delayed treatment. Here, we report a fascinating case of a young, otherwise healthy, immunocompetent patient that presented to us with superior vena cava syndrome and a mediastinal mass. It was anticipated that a malignancy would be found on further workup but, in fact, what was eventually discovered was a case of IA. Our report accentuates the significance of including IA as a differential while diagnosing a mediastinal mass in an immunocompetent host as patient outcome is determined by timely diagnosis and treatment.

Comments

Pagination, Volume, Issue not provide by Author/Publisher.

Publication

BMJ case reports.

Share

COinS