Radiological features of hepatocellular carcinoma in Southern Pakistan

Document Type



Internal Medicine


We describe the radiological features of 201 patients diagnosed as having hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in Southern Pakistan. The cases of biopsy-proven HCC were analysed retrospectively for years 1994-1998. Age, sex, underlying cirrhosis, hepatitis markers, and radiological description were recorded. The mean age was 56 years. There were 149 males and 52 females. 82% patients had underlying cirrhosis. The tumour size was measured in at least two dimensions, and the maximum mean tumour size at the time of diagnosis was 8.3 +/- 4.0 cm. Of the tumours 79.5% were more than 5 cm; 56% of primary HCC were multifocal; 51% involved the right lobe only; 15% involved the left lobe; 34% involved both lobes of liver. Portal vein thrombosis was detectable in 17%. There were no significant differences in the radiological patterns amongst patients who had hepatitis B virus related and hepatitis C virus-related HCC except for age.

Publication (Name of Journal)

Tropical Doctor