Disseminated bipolaris infection in an asthmatic patient: case report

Document Type



Internal Medicine


We present the case of a patient with a history of asthma who developed cough and hemoptysis that were unresponsive to antituberculous therapy. Chest roentgenography demonstrated right-sided collapse with consolidation and a pleural effusion. Bronchial biopsy revealed fungal hyphae, and cultures later yielded Bipolaris spicifera. In addition, weight loss and intractable hypotension in association with hyponatremia and elevated potassium levels suggested addisonian crisis, which was confirmed by measurement of serum ACTH and cortisol levels. Computed tomography of the abdomen revealed bilateral adrenal involvement. Tissue obtained on biopsy of the adrenal glands yielded B. spicifera. The patient responded to treatment with 2 g of iv amphotericin B; the adrenal masses and pneumonia resolved, and he remained well until last seen in July 1992. However, he requires replacement therapy with prednisone and fludrocortisone. On review of the available literature, we were unable to find a previously reported case.

Publication (Name of Journal)

Clinical Infectious Diseases